High blood pressure is a severe health condition that steadily causes damage over the years. Sometimes blood pressure can rise so severely and quickly that it will require urgent medical attention, often with hospitalization. When you have high blood pressure, it means your heart will need to work harder to be able to pump blood all through the body. To handle this additional effort, the heart becomes stiffer and thicker, which makes it less efficient in pumping blood all over the body. This condition is called heart failure.
Heart failure is a serious condition that can take years to develop inside your body. It is a condition that basically occurs when the heart is becoming too weak or stiff. Being diagnosed with heart failure is not to say that your heart is about to pack up. It simply means that it needs some extra supports to help it function effectively.
What are the signs and symptoms of heart failure?
The majority of heart failure symptoms are experienced based on the side of the heart that is affected. If the heart’s right side is affected, you may experience swollen legs, ankles, and feet. You may also be more exhausted than normal. If, however, it is the left side that is affected, lesser blood will be pumped throughout the body, which can make you feel exhausted. Additionally, more blood will enter your lungs than the heart can take out. And as the fluid continues to build up, you may feel breathless when lying down or cough up lathered phlegm.
Is there any link between high blood pressure and Heart failure?
If you are diagnosed with heart failure, there is a possibility you also have high blood pressure. High blood pressure adds to the heart’s workload. About 75% of people whose hearts cannot pump sufficient blood due to heart failure also have high blood pressure or once had it. This is because the force exerted on the walls of your arteries as blood passes through them is extremely strong. This high pressure damages the arteries by making tiny tears in them which later result in scar tissue plus make it easier for fat and cholesterol to build up. The blocking and narrowing of the blood vessels make it more difficult for the blood to travel easily and smoothly all through the body thereby making the heart to work harder. To cope with these increased demands, the heart stiffens and becomes larger. While it can still pump blood, it becomes less efficient in its duty. The larger the heart becomes, the harder it functions to meet the body’s demands for nutrients and oxygen. Ultimately, this process increases your risk of having heart failure
Treatment and lifestyle changes can help you manage your high blood pressure to reduce your risk of having a heart failure. Make sure you always go for a regular checkup. Additionally, engage in regular exercise, maintain a healthy weight, manage stress, get vaccinated for flu, eat a healthy diet, avoid caffeine and stop smoking. If you already have the condition, you will need to consult your physician who may prescribe a beta-blocker or an angiotensin-II receptor blocker. Adhering to all these can really make a big difference.