Symptoms of high blood pressure
According to WebMD and Healthline, High blood pressure means higher arterial pressure than the normal. It happens when your blood pressure is 130 systolic or higher and 80 diastolic or higher.
Blood pressure varies throughout life. Usually, babies and children have a much lower pressure than adults. The activity also affects blood pressure: it increases during exercise and decreases during rest. Blood pressure varies, also according to the time of day, since it is higher in the morning and lower at night during sleep.
Signs and Symptoms
High blood pressure is rarely known because it usually has no symptoms. For this reason, hypertension is known as “silent killer.” Being nervous or tense for example does not necessarily mean having high blood pressure.
Periodic reviews of blood pressure are the only way to detect hypertension in its infancy. Many people have higher blood pressure or hypertension for years without knowing it.
Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to embolism, heart attack, and kidney problems. According to recent estimates, one in four American adults have high blood pressure, but due to the absence of symptoms, more than a third of them do not know.
Do not let high pressure fool you. Even if you are a calm and relaxed person, you can have high blood pressure. Hypertension is the term to refer to high blood pressure and does not mean that the person is nervous or restless, therefore cannot control it just by relaxing and remaining calm. Hypertension is controlled with the proper treatment proposed by your doctor.
How can you tell if your blood pressure is high?
You may have high blood pressure even if you are well. Some people believe that their blood pressure has gone up when they have a headache or they feel dizzy or nervous and that is the time when they take the medication. This is a serious mistake, medicines must be taken according to the instructions given by your doctor.
How is it diagnosed?
High blood pressure can be diagnosed from:
- Physical examination.
- Complementary examination.
Antecedents of relatives: hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, polycystic kidney disease, sudden death, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia.
Personal history: Age, toxic habits, exercise, other associated cardiovascular risk factors, previous history of hypertension (time of evolution, the reason for diagnosis, evolution, higher blood pressure, drugs consumed, etc.).
Evaluate the symptoms related to the detection of secondary hypertension, the involvement of target organs (heart, brain, kidneys, and eye), establish a global cardiovascular risk profile and analyze the presence of other diseases associated with arterial hypertension.
- Physical Examination
- Weight, height, body mass index and skin condition.
- Cardiovascular examination: rhythm, frequency, tones, murmurs, pulses, blood pressure in the arms, peripheral edema, venous jugular inspection.
- Respiratory examination: auscultation, frequency, signs of heart failure.
- Abdominal examination: renal masses, murmurs, hepatomegaly.
- Thyroid palpation
- Complementary Examination/Explorations
- Analytical: blood count, blood biochemistry, urine.
- Chest x-ray
- Ambulatory monitoring of pressure.
Hypertension cannot be cured in most cases, but it can be controlled. In general, you should take regular treatment for life to lower the pressure and keep it stable. The pills are only part of the treatment of hypertension, usually, the doctor will have recommended a diet to lose weight and not abuse the consumption of salt, exercise, etc.
Changes in the lifestyle can be very useful to control hypertension, which should be done in addition to following the medication on a regular basis. But in no case try to determine for yourself the life and food regime that you can take, check with your doctor and follow his instructions.